Miners took canaries and white mice into the tunnels with them to test for bad air. Only yellow canaries were considered proper, any other colours were returned.
There is a memorial to Canaries and White Mice Mice - The Tunnellers Friends, in the Scottish National War Memorial in Edinburgh Castle.
169,000 horses went overseas with the AIF, only one came back. 'Sandy' the favourite horse of Maj.-Gen. Sir William Throsby Bridges KCB,CMG, was returned to Australia with his body following his death from wounds received in Monash Valley, Gallipoli on May 18 1915. Sandy was finally humanely destroyed after becoming blind and debilitated and his head was displayed in the 1st Australian War Memorial Museum in Sydney before being removed to the Australian War Memorial in Canberra.
Soldiers in the trenches of the Western Front made their own primitive listening devices out of empty tin cans filled with water to try to listen for any sounds of mining beneath them.
The only member of the British Royal family to be killed in World War 1 was the late Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother's brother, Fergus, an officer in the Black Watch, who was killed in action at the Battle of Loos in 1915. Another brother, Michael, was reported as missing in action in May 1917 but was subsequently found to have been taken prisoner after being wounded. He spent the rest of the war as a POW.
The tank got its name because during its development during World War 1 it was considered a secret weapon and had to be referred to in letters as a 'Water tank.'
The site of the first AIF military academy was on the Old Campbell homestead at Duntroon at the foot of Mount Pleasant. This area is now Canberra.
The Queen Mother laid her bouquet on the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Westminster Abbey on her wedding day in remembrance of her brother.
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